What Causes Diabetic Nerve Damage?

If you’re a diabetic, you may find that you’re in denial about the severity of your condition. “Oh, I don’t have neuropathy,” you may think. It may surprise you to find out, but some people with nerve damage have no symptoms at all, although doctors may detect small amounts of protein appearing in a urine sample. The condition often sneaks up subtly over the course of several years. In cases of people with focal neuropathy, the sudden pain is impossible to ignore. The causes of diabetic nerve damage are just as varied as the symptoms.

diabetes feet

Diabetic nerve damage can cause serious problems in the feet.
Image Source: DiabetesInfo.org.au

Have You Been Ignoring Symptoms Of Diabetic Nerve Damage?

Depending on which nerves are affected (and to what degree), you may have symptoms of neuropathy such as:

– Numbness and tingling (particularly in the toes, feet, legs, fingers, hands and arms)

– Overall weakness

– Muscle wasting in the feet and hands

– Diarrhea or constipation

– Erectile dysfunction or vaginal dryness

– Problems urinating

– Dizziness after standing or sitting up

diabetes and nerve damage

If you have the signs of nerve damage, do not ignore it! Sometimes early neuropathy can be treated before the damage progresses.
Image Source: CalDiabetes.org

What Causes Nerve Damage In Diabetics?

It’s believed that neuropathy is usually caused by a combination of factors, which include:

Metabolic Factors: Elevated and uncontrolled blood glucose levels for a long duration is one of the most likely causes of neuropathy. Abnormal blood fat levels causes clogged arteries that further impairs the transmission of vital resources to the nerves. Low levels of insulin are not the optimal environment for nerve signal transmission.

Neurovascular Factors: High levels of blood glucose can cause chemical changes in the nerves that prevent the transmission of impulses and destroys the blood vessels’ ability to carry oxygen and nutrients to the nerves.  

Autoimmune Factors: Chronic inflammation in the nerves can cause them to stop working properly. They may either become hypersensitive and tingle for seemingly no reason at all — or simply cease to work at all.

Mechanical Factors: Overuse injuries, like carpal tunnel syndrome, can cause nerve impingement pain.

– Lifestyle Factors: Smoking, alcohol abuse, exposure to toxic substances, lack of physical activity, and certain medications can all cause the symptoms of diabetic nerve damage.

Genetic Factors: It’s possible to inherit genes that make a person naturally more susceptible to nerve damage.

diabetic neuropathy signs

Do you suffer from a persistent tingly feeling in your feet?
Image Source: Pinterest.com user Angie Rowe

Can Nerve Damage Neuropathy Be Reversed?

If you have any signs of nerve damage, do not ignore them! Neuropathy related to vitamin deficiency, alcohol, toxic substances, medications, and short term blood sugar elevation can often be reversed. In cases that have been put off for too long, you may only realistically expect to halt the progress of the neuropathy, says Web MDPhysical therapy, diet modification, and drug therapies can be used to treat neuropathy nerve damage.

Have you seen this new product to protect diabetics with neuropathy from foot infections?

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