Type II Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when elevated levels of blood sugar persist. Most cases of Type II Diabetes are preventable with healthy diet and exercise habits, but factors like age, gender and genetics can also contribute to the development of the disease. Once you have Type II Diabetes, you are stuck with it, so understanding how to manage the symptoms through lifestyle modification is key.
How To Manage Type II Diabetes Symptoms:
1. Dry Mouth
Diabetes medications are often to blame for the dry mouth experienced by many diabetics. High blood sugar is also a contributing factor, so the best thing you can do is keep your blood sugar levels in check by watching what you eat. According to BiteDownDeals, you should also drink lots of water (8-10 glasses) each day to prevent the need for saliva supplement medications like Salagen or Evoxac. Biotene mouthwash is another product diabetics may use to moisten the mouth.
2. Frequent Urination
Another side effect of high blood glucose is the urgent need to urinate all the time — which is another reason to keep your diet in check. Medical News Today lists a number of other treatment options, such as: Kegel exercises to strengthen the bladder support muscles; monitoring fluid intake, particularly at night; avoiding bladder irritants like caffeine, alcohol, artificial sweetener, chocolate, and spicy foods; and training the bladder to hold urine longer by increasing the length of time between trips to the bathroom gradually over several months.
Having blood glucose that is too high or too low can cause fatigue. Nurse and author David Spero says that exercise reduces fatigue by 65%, so picking up a tai-chi or water aerobics class isn’t such a bad idea. Even something as simple as taking a walk can improve your energy levels and mindset. Trading in refined carbs for veggie shake breakfasts and protein-dense lunches has also shown to have a dramatic impact on fatigue. Spero also recommends getting checked for conditions like anemia, hypothyroidism and testosterone deficiency — which can be root causes of fatigue.
4. Increased Hunger
“Polyphagia” is the term for the excessive hunger diabetics feel — even after eating big meals. Fortunately, cutting out excess sugars and carbohydrates is often all it takes to resolve the perpetual munchies. Snacking on crunchy veggies along with a serving of meat or cheese will ultimately be much more rewarding. Exercise can help clear out the excess insulin circulating around the body. In some cases, diabetes medications like Byetta, Metformin or corticosteroid hormones may be helpful.
5. Itchy Feet & Ulcers
Every day, 180 diabetics have a lower limb amputated. Foot complications are common among diabetics and could land you in the hospital if you’re not vigilant. There are many underlying causes for itchy feet, so it’s wise to see a podiatrist or general practitioner to figure out what’s going on. Bacteria and fungi contribute to a host of foot complications for diabetics — from cellulitis and MRSA to athlete’s foot and toenail fungus. It’s vital that you inspect your feet for visible abnormalities (calluses, cracks, cuts, blisters, redness, pus, swelling, rashes, etc.) each day and wash them with antibacterial soap. You also want to limit your exposure to harmful pathogens to prevent infection.
The Bottom Line:
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